The WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) is a special agreement under the Berne Convention that deals with the protection of works and their authors` rights in the digital environment. Each Contracting Party (even if not bound by the Berne Convention) must comply with the substantive provisions of the 1971 Paris Act of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1886). In addition, the WCT mentions two topics to be protected by copyright: (i) computer programs, regardless of the type or form of their expression; and (ii) compilations of data or other materials (“Databases”) in any form that constitute intellectual creations due to the selection or arrangement of their content. This Treaty is a special agreement within the meaning of Article 20 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works in respect of the Contracting Parties established by this Convention. This Treaty is not bound by treaties other than the Berne Convention and does not affect rights and obligations under other treaties.2. This Treaty shall not depart from the existing obligations of Contracting Parties under the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 3. In the following, the “Berne Convention” refers to the Paris Act of July 24, 1971, of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.4. The Contracting Parties shall comply with Articles 1 to 21 and the Annex to the Berne Convention. Article 2Field of copyright protectionThe protection of copyright extends to expressions and not to ideas, processes, modes of action or mathematical concepts as such. Article 3The application of Articles 2 to 6 of the Berne Convention by the Contracting Parties shall apply mutatis mutandis to the provisions of Articles 2 to 6 of the Berne Convention as regards the protection provided for in this Treaty. Article 4 Computer programs Computer programs are protected as literary works within the meaning of Article 2 of the Berne Convention. .